lexe_Current_Folio_10Q

Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D. C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019

OR

 

    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                to                

Commission File Number 001-37938

 

LIBERTY EXPEDIA HOLDINGS, INC.

 

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

State of Delaware

    

81-1838757

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

 

12300 Liberty Boulevard
Englewood, Colorado

 

80112

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (720) 875-5800

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

 

 

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Series A common stock

LEXEA

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Series B common stock

LEXEB

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒    No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒    No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer ☒

   

Accelerated filer ☐

   

Non-accelerated filer ☐

   

Smaller reporting company ☐

 

Emerging growth company ☐

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Yes ☐    No ☒

The number of outstanding shares of Liberty Expedia Holdings, Inc. common stock as of April  15, 2019 was:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series A

 

Series B

 

Liberty Expedia Holdings, Inc. Common Stock

 

54,496,831

 

2,830,174

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

 

 

 

Part I - Financial Information

 

Item 1. Financial Statements 

 

LIBERTY EXPEDIA HOLDINGS, INC. Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited) 

I-2

LIBERTY EXPEDIA HOLDINGS, INC. Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited) 

I-3

LIBERTY EXPEDIA HOLDINGS, INC. Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Earnings (Loss) (unaudited) 

I-4

LIBERTY EXPEDIA HOLDINGS, INC. Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited) 

I-5

LIBERTY EXPEDIA HOLDINGS, INC. Condensed Consolidated Statement of Equity (unaudited) 

I-6

LIBERTY EXPEDIA HOLDINGS, INC. Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) 

I-7

 

 

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 

I-25

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 

I-35

Item 4. Controls and Procedures 

I-36

 

 

Part II - Other Information 

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings 

II-1

Item 1A. Risk Factors 

II-1

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 

II-3

Item 6. Exhibits 

II-4

 

 

SIGNATURES 

II-6

 

 

I-1


 

Table of Contents

LIBERTY EXPEDIA HOLDINGS, INC.

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

March 31, 

    

December 31, 

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

3,765

 

2,512

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

 

2,621

 

2,154

 

Short-term marketable securities

 

 

508

 

53

 

Prepaid expenses

 

 

305

 

262

 

Other current assets

 

 

607

 

323

 

Total current assets

 

 

7,806

 

5,304

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

967

 

1,043

 

Intangible assets not subject to amortization:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goodwill

 

 

15,076

 

15,112

 

Tradenames

 

 

5,714

 

5,726

 

 

 

 

20,790

 

20,838

 

Intangible assets subject to amortization, net

 

 

3,725

 

3,931

 

Other assets, net

 

 

1,358

 

791

 

Total assets

 

$

34,646

 

31,907

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Equity

 

 

 

 

   

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable, merchant

 

$

1,736

 

1,699

 

Accounts payable, other

 

 

1,047

 

800

 

Accrued liabilities

 

 

703

 

829

 

Deferred merchant bookings

 

 

6,612

 

4,327

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

536

 

367

 

Current portion of debt (note 6)

 

 

 —

 

 5

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

114

 

51

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

10,748

 

8,078

 

Long-term debt and capital lease obligations, net, including $392 million and $382 million measured at fair value (note 6)

 

 

4,223

 

4,238

 

Deferred income tax liabilities

 

 

1,533

 

1,540

 

Other liabilities

 

 

837

 

534

 

Total liabilities

 

 

17,341

 

14,390

 

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $.01 par value. Authorized 50,000,000 shares; no shares issued

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

Series A common stock, $.01 par value. Authorized 160,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 54,496,831 and 54,496,214 at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively

 

 

 1

 

 1

 

Series B common stock, $.01 par value. Authorized 6,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 2,830,174 and 2,830,174 at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

283

 

313

 

Accumulated other comprehensive earnings (loss), net of taxes

 

 

29

 

36

 

Retained earnings

 

 

1,988

 

2,051

 

Total stockholders' equity

 

 

2,301

 

2,401

 

Noncontrolling interests in equity of subsidiaries

 

 

15,004

 

15,116

 

Total equity

 

 

17,305

 

17,517

 

Commitments and contingencies (note 9)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

 

$

34,646

 

31,907

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

I-2


 

Table of Contents

LIBERTY EXPEDIA HOLDINGS, INC.

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements Of Operations

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

 

March 31, 

 

 

    

2019

    

2018

 

 

 

amounts in millions,

 

 

 

except per share amounts

 

Service revenue

 

$

2,609

 

2,508

 

Product revenue

 

 

52

 

66

 

Total revenue, net (note 10)

 

 

2,661

 

2,574

 

Operating costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling and marketing (1)

 

 

1,529

 

1,513

 

Cost of service revenue (1) 

 

 

490

 

460

 

Technology and content (1) 

 

 

297

 

277

 

General and administrative (1)

 

 

201

 

199

 

Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation shown separately below)

 

 

39

 

48

 

Other operating expense

 

 

 4

 

 5

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

405

 

479

 

Legal reserves, occupancy tax, restructuring and related reorganization charges and other

 

 

20

 

 4

 

 

 

 

2,985

 

2,985

 

Operating income (loss)

 

 

(324)

 

(411)

 

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

(32)

 

(36)

 

Other, net

 

 

27

 

58

 

 

 

 

(5)

 

22

 

Earnings (loss) before income taxes

 

 

(329)

 

(389)

 

Income tax (expense) benefit

 

 

60

 

65

 

Net earnings (loss)

 

 

(269)

 

(324)

 

Less net earnings (loss) attributable to the noncontrolling interests

 

 

(205)

 

(280)

 

Net earnings (loss) attributable to Liberty Expedia Holdings, Inc. shareholders

 

$

(64)

 

(44)

 

Basic net earnings (loss) attributable to Series A and Series B Liberty Expedia Holdings, Inc. shareholders per common share (note 2)

 

$

(1.12)

 

(0.77)

 

Diluted net earnings (loss) attributable to Series A and Series B Liberty Expedia Holdings, Inc. shareholders per common share (note 2)

 

$

(1.12)

 

(0.77)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Includes stock compensation as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling and marketing

 

$

11

 

11

 

Cost of service revenue

 

 

 3

 

 2

 

Technology and content

 

 

19

 

15

 

General and administrative

 

 

25

 

23

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-3


 

Table of Contents

LIBERTY EXPEDIA HOLDINGS, INC.

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements Of Comprehensive Earnings (Loss)

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

 

March 31, 

 

 

    

2019

    

2018

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

Net earnings (loss)

 

$

(269)

 

(324)

 

Other comprehensive earnings (loss), net of taxes:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Currency translation adjustments and other

 

 

(42)

 

102

 

Other comprehensive earnings (loss)

 

 

(42)

 

102

 

Comprehensive earnings (loss)

 

 

(311)

 

(222)

 

Less comprehensive earnings (loss) attributable to the noncontrolling interest

 

 

(240)

 

(189)

 

Comprehensive earnings (loss) attributable to Liberty Expedia Holdings, Inc. shareholders

 

$

(71)

 

(33)

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-4


 

Table of Contents

LIBERTY EXPEDIA HOLDINGS, INC.

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements Of Cash Flows

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

 

March 31, 

 

 

    

2019

    

2018

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net earnings (loss)

 

$

(269)

 

(324)

 

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

405

 

479

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

58

 

51

 

Realized (gain) loss on foreign currency forwards

 

 

(7)

 

(8)

 

(Gain) loss on equity securities

 

 

(22)

 

(37)

 

Deferred income tax expense (benefit)

 

 

(3)

 

44

 

Other noncash charges (credits), net

 

 

(7)

 

(35)

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current and other assets

 

 

(486)

 

(400)

 

Payables and other liabilities

 

 

2,482

 

1,906

 

Net cash provided (used) by operating activities

 

 

2,151

 

1,676

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expended for property and equipment and capitalized software

 

 

(275)

 

(194)

 

Purchases of short-term marketable securities and other investments

 

 

(462)

 

(867)

 

Sales of short-term marketable securities

 

 

 7

 

317

 

Other, net

 

 

 6

 

14

 

Net cash provided (used) by investing activities

 

 

(724)

 

(730)

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Borrowings of debt

 

 

32

 

67

 

Repayments of debt

 

 

(37)

 

(66)

 

Shares issued by subsidiary

 

 

91

 

20

 

Shares repurchased by subsidiary

 

 

(25)

 

(202)

 

Dividends paid by subsidiary

 

 

(40)

 

(39)

 

Taxes paid in lieu of shares issued for stock-based compensation

 

 

 —

 

(2)

 

Other financing activities, net

 

 

 4

 

(6)

 

Net cash provided (used) by financing activities

 

 

25

 

(228)

 

Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

(11)

 

17

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

1,441

 

735

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period

 

 

2,774

 

3,031

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period

 

$

4,215

 

3,766

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

The following table reconciles cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported in our condensed consolidated balance sheets to the total amount presented in our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

3,765

 

2,512

 

Restricted cash included within other current assets

 

 

447

 

259

 

Restricted cash included within other assets

 

 

3

 

3

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents in the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows

 

$

4,215

 

2,774

 

 

I-5


 

Table of Contents

 

LIBERTY EXPEDIA HOLDINGS, INC.

 

Condensed Consolidated Statement Of Equity

 

(unaudited)

 

Three months ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred

 

Common stock

 

paid-in

 

comprehensive

 

Retained

 

Noncontrolling

 

 

 

 

    

stock

    

Series A

    

Series B

    

capital

    

earnings (loss)

    

earnings

    

interests

    

Total equity

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

Balance at January 1, 2019

 

$

 —

 

 1

 

 —

 

313

 

36

 

2,051

 

15,116

 

17,517

 

Net earnings (loss)

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

(64)

 

(205)

 

(269)

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

(7)

 

 —

 

(35)

 

(42)

 

Stock compensation

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 9

 

 —

 

 —

 

49

 

58

 

Proceeds from exercise of equity instruments in subsidiary

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

(36)

 

 —

 

 —

 

127

 

91

 

Shares repurchased by subsidiary

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

(3)

 

 —

 

 —

 

(22)

 

(25)

 

Dividends paid by subsidiary

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

(40)

 

(40)

 

Adoption of new accounting guidance

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 1

 

 5

 

 6

 

Other  

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 9

 

 9

 

Balance at March 31, 2019

 

$

 —

 

 1

 

 —

 

283

 

29

 

1,988

 

15,004

 

17,305

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred

 

Common stock

 

paid-in

 

comprehensive

 

Retained

 

Noncontrolling

 

 

 

 

    

stock

    

Series A

    

Series B

    

capital

    

earnings (loss)

    

earnings

    

interests

    

Total equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

Balance at January 1, 2018

 

$

 —

 

 1

 

 —

 

370

 

59

 

2,179

 

16,493

 

19,102

 

Net earnings (loss)

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

(44)

 

(280)

 

(324)

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

11

 

 —

 

91

 

102

 

Stock compensation

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 8

 

 —

 

 —

 

43

 

51

 

Proceeds from exercise of equity instruments in subsidiary

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

(25)

 

 —

 

 —

 

45

 

20

 

Stock repurchases by subsidiary

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

18

 

 —

 

 —

 

(220)

 

(202)

 

Dividends paid by subsidiary

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

(39)

 

(39)

 

Taxes paid in lieu of shares issued for stock-based compensation

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

(2)

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

(2)

 

Adoption of new accounting guidance

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

(1)

 

 1

 

(10)

 

(10)

 

Other  

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 —

 

 4

 

 4

 

Balance at March 31, 2018

 

$

 —

 

 1

 

 —

 

369

 

69

 

2,136

 

16,127

 

18,702

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-6


 

Table of Contents

(1) Basis of Presentation

 

During November 2015, the board of directors of Liberty Interactive Corporation ("Liberty Interactive"), now known as Qurate Retail, Inc. (“Qurate Retail”), authorized management to pursue a plan to distribute to holders of its then-outstanding Liberty Ventures common stock shares of a newly formed entity, Liberty Expedia Holdings, Inc. ("Expedia Holdings" or the "Company" as discussed below) ("Expedia Holdings Split-Off"). Following the Expedia Holdings Split-Off, Expedia Holdings is comprised of, among other things, Qurate Retail's former ownership interest in Expedia Group, Inc. (formerly “Expedia, Inc.”) ("Expedia"), as well as Qurate Retail's former wholly-owned subsidiary Vitalize, LLC (which we refer to as “Bodybuilding”).

 

The Expedia Holdings Split-Off occurred on November 4, 2016. Following the Expedia Holdings Split-Off, Expedia Holdings and Qurate Retail operate as separate, publicly traded companies. The Expedia Holdings Split-Off was intended to be tax-free to Qurate Retail and the former stockholders of Liberty Ventures. In February 2017, the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) completed its review of the Expedia Holdings Split-Off and informed Qurate Retail that it agreed with the nontaxable characterization of the transactions. Qurate Retail received an Issue Resolution Agreement from the IRS documenting this conclusion.

 

On April 15, 2019, the Company and Expedia entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”). As a result of the Merger Agreement the Company will become a wholly owned subsidiary of Expedia (the “Merger”). Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, each share of the Company’s Series A and Series B common stock, issued and outstanding immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger (except for shares held by Expedia Holdings as treasury stock or directly held by Expedia) will be converted into the right to receive 0.36 of a share of Expedia common stock, plus cash (without interest) in lieu of any fractional shares of Expedia common stock. It is expected that the Merger will close in the third quarter of 2019, subject to the completion of an exchange by Barry Diller of up to 5.7 million shares of Expedia common stock (“EXPE”) for an equal number of shares of Expedia class B common stock and customary closing conditions, including approval by a majority of the aggregate voting power of Expedia Holdings common stock and the receipt of any applicable regulatory approvals. 

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements represent the consolidation of the historical financial information of Bodybuilding and Expedia. These financial statements refer to the consolidation of the aforementioned subsidiaries as "Expedia Holdings," "the Company," "us," "we" and "our" in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements. The Expedia Holdings Split-Off was accounted for at historical cost due to the pro rata nature of the distribution to the former holders of Liberty Ventures common stock. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in the consolidated financial statements.

The accompanying (a) condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2018, which has been derived from audited financial statements, and (b) the interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("GAAP") for interim financial information and the instructions on Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results for such periods have been included. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. Additionally, certain prior period amounts have been reclassified for comparability with current period presentation. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The Company considers (i) fair value measurement of non-financial instruments, (ii) accounting for certain merchant revenue, (iii) loyalty program accruals, (iv) valuation of other long-term liabilities, (v) measurement of stock-based compensation and (vi) income taxes to be its most significant estimates.

I-7


 

Table of Contents

Split-Off of Expedia Holdings from Qurate Retail

 

Following the Expedia Holdings Split-Off, Qurate Retail and Expedia Holdings operate as separate, publicly traded companies, and neither has any stock ownership, beneficial or otherwise, in the other. In connection with the Expedia Holdings Split-Off, Expedia Holdings entered into certain agreements with Qurate Retail and/or Liberty Media Corporation (“Liberty Media”) (or certain of their subsidiaries) in order to govern certain of the ongoing relationships between these companies after the Expedia Holdings Split-Off and to provide for an orderly transition. These agreements include a reorganization agreement, a services agreement, a facilities sharing agreement and a tax sharing agreement.

 

The reorganization agreement between Qurate Retail and Expedia Holdings provides for, among other things, the principal corporate transactions (including the internal restructuring) required to effect the Expedia Holdings Split-Off, certain conditions to the Expedia Holdings Split-Off and provisions governing the relationship between Expedia Holdings and Qurate Retail with respect to and resulting from the Expedia Holdings Split-Off. The tax sharing agreement between Qurate Retail and Expedia Holdings provides for the allocation and indemnification of tax liabilities and benefits between Qurate Retail and Expedia Holdings and other agreements related to tax matters. Pursuant to the services agreement, Liberty Media provides Expedia Holdings with general and administrative services including legal, tax, accounting, treasury and investor relations support. Under the facilities sharing agreement among Liberty Media, a subsidiary of Liberty Media and Expedia Holdings, Expedia Holdings shares office space with Qurate Retail and Liberty Media and related amenities at Liberty Media's corporate headquarters. Expedia Holdings will reimburse Liberty Media for direct, out-of-pocket expenses incurred by Liberty Media in providing these services and for costs that will be negotiated semi-annually. Under these various agreements, approximately $1 million for both of the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, was reimbursable to Liberty Media.

 

Seasonality

 

Expedia generally experiences seasonal fluctuations in the demand for its travel services. For example, traditional leisure travel bookings are generally the highest in the first three quarters as travelers plan and book their spring, summer and winter holiday travel. The number of bookings typically decreases in the fourth quarter. Because revenue for most of Expedia’s travel services, including merchant and agency hotel, is recognized as the travel takes place rather than when it is booked, revenue typically lags bookings by several weeks for its hotel business and can be several months or more for its alternative accommodations business. Historically, Vrbo (formerly referred to as “Homeaway”), has seen seasonally stronger bookings in the first quarter of the year, with the relevant stays occurring during the peak summer travel months. The seasonal revenue impact is exacerbated with respect to income by the nature of Expedia’s variable cost of revenue and direct sales and marketing costs, which it typically realizes in closer alignment to booking volumes, and the more stable nature of its fixed costs. Furthermore, operating profits for Expedia’s primary advertising business, trivago N.V. (“trivago”), have typically been experienced in the second half of the year, particularly the fourth quarter, as selling and marketing costs offset revenue in the first half of the year as they typically increase marketing during the busy booking period for spring, summer and winter holiday travel. As a result on a consolidated basis, revenue and income are typically the lowest in the first quarter and highest in the third quarter. The continued growth of Expedia’s international operations, advertising business or a change in its product mix, including the growth of Vrbo, may influence the typical trend of the seasonality in the future, and there may also be business or market driven dynamics that result in short-term impacts to revenue or profitability that differ from the typical seasonal trends.  

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. In June 2016, the FASB issued new guidance on the measurement of credit losses for financial assets measured at amortized cost, which includes accounts receivable, and available-for-sale debt securities. The new guidance replaces the existing incurred loss impairment model with an expected loss methodology, which will result in more timely recognition of credit losses. This update is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those annual periods. Early adoption is permitted for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those annual periods. We are in the process of evaluating the impact of adopting this new guidance on our consolidated financial statements.

 

 

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Cloud Computing Arrangements. In August 2018, the FASB issued new guidance on the accounting for implementation costs incurred for a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract. The update conforms the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract with the accounting guidance that provides for capitalization of costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use-software. The new guidance is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. We are in the process of evaluating the impact of adopting this new guidance on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Fair Value Measurements. In August 2018, the FASB issued new guidance related to the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements, which removes, modifies or adds certain disclosures. The guidance is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. We are in the process of evaluating the impact of adopting this new guidance on our consolidated financial statements disclosures.

 

(2) Earnings (Loss) Attributable to Expedia Holdings Shareholders per Common Share

 

Basic earnings (loss) per common share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing net earnings (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding (“WASO”) for the period. Diluted EPS presents the dilutive effect on a per share basis of potential common shares as if they had been converted at the beginning of the periods presented.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

 

March 31, 

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

 

 

number of shares in millions

 

Basic WASO

 

57

 

57

 

Potentially dilutive shares (1)

 

 1

 

 1

 

Diluted WASO

 

58

 

58

 


(1)

Potentially dilutive shares are excluded from the computation of diluted EPS during periods in which losses are reported since the result would be antidilutive.

 

Excluded from diluted EPS for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, are less than a million potential common shares, because their inclusion would be anti-dilutive.

 

(3) Expedia Ownership

 

Expedia is an online travel company, empowering business and leisure travelers with the tools and information they need to efficiently research, plan, book and experience travel. Expedia seeks to grow its business through a dynamic portfolio of travel brands, including its majority owned subsidiaries that feature the world's broadest supply portfolio as well as destination services and activities. Historically, Qurate Retail was (and, following the completion of the Expedia Holdings Split-Off, the Company is) a party to the Stockholders Agreement with Mr. Diller, pursuant to which Mr. Diller held an irrevocable proxy (the “Diller Proxy”) over all the shares of EXPE and Expedia class B common stock then owned by Qurate Retail.  Qurate Retail was also subject to a governance agreement (the “Governance Agreement”) with Expedia which provided for the right to nominate 20% of the members of Expedia’s board of directors, which is currently comprised of 15 members (three of which were nominated by Qurate Retail). The Governance Agreement also provided for registration and other rights, and imposed certain restrictions on the ownership of shares of Expedia class B common stock. In connection with the Expedia Holdings Split-Off (i) the Stockholders Agreement and the Governance agreement were assigned to us and (ii) the Diller Proxy was irrevocably assigned by Mr. Diller to our company (the “Diller Assignment”) for a period of time up to 18 months following completion of the Expedia Holdings Split-Off (the “Outside Date”), subject to certain termination events as described in the Amended and Restated Transaction Agreement, dated as of September 22, 2016, among Mr. Diller, John C. Malone and Leslie Malone (the “Malone Group”), Qurate Retail and the Company (the “Transaction Agreement” and the date on which such termination event occurs, the “Proxy Arrangement Termination Date”).  On March 6, 2018, the Company, Qurate Retail, the Malone Group and Mr. Diller entered into a letter agreement (the “Letter Agreement”), which amended the termination provisions of the Transaction Agreement to extend the Outside Date for an additional one year period.  As a result, unless sooner terminated upon the occurrence of certain events or the

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taking of certain actions, in either case, as set forth in the Transaction Agreement, as amended by the Letter Agreement, the Proxy Arrangement Termination Date would occur, and the Transaction Agreement together with certain Subject Instruments (as defined in the Transaction Agreement) would have terminated, on May 4, 2019 (see discussion below).

By virtue of (i) certain governance rights with respect to the Company as set forth in the Company’s restated certificate of incorporation, an amendment to the Stockholders Agreement and the Amended and Restated Transaction Agreement and (ii) the grant by the Malone Group to Mr. Diller of an irrevocable proxy to vote, subject to certain exceptions, shares of the Company’s common stock beneficially owned by the Malone Group upon the completion of the Expedia Holdings Split-Off or thereafter for a period of time ending upon termination of the Diller Assignment (the arrangements described in clauses (i) and (ii), together with the Diller Assignment, the “Proxy Arrangements”), prior to the termination of the Proxy Arrangements as described below, Mr. Diller was able to elect and replace the directors of the Company who determined how the Company would exercise certain rights and vote the shares of EXPE and Expedia class B common stock owned by the Company in the election of Expedia directors, though the Malone Group retained the ability to remove such directors of the Company. The rights under the Governance Agreement and Stockholders Agreement, each as assigned and amended, will be maintained even upon termination of the Proxy Arrangements.

We began consolidating Expedia as of the completion of the Expedia Holdings Split-Off on November 4, 2016, as we then controlled a majority of the voting interest in Expedia for accounting purposes. Additionally, in conjunction with the application of acquisition accounting, we recorded a full step up in basis of Expedia along with a gain between our historical basis and the fair value of our interest in Expedia.  As of March 31, 2019, Expedia Holdings beneficially owned approximately 16.1% of the outstanding Expedia common stock which represented a 52.7% voting interest in Expedia. During the third quarter of 2018, the Company purchased 269,646 additional shares of Expedia common stock for approximately $31 million pursuant to and in accordance with the preemptive rights as detailed by the Governance Agreement as assigned to the Company. 

 

On April 15, 2019, and prior to the Company’s entry into the Merger Agreement (see discussion in note 1), Mr. Diller, the Company, Qurate Retail and the Malone Group entered into Amendment No. 2 to the Amended and Restated Transaction Agreement, providing for the immediate termination of the Transaction Agreement, which automatically resulted in the termination of the Proxy Arrangements.  As a result of the termination of the Proxy Arrangements, the Company no longer controls a majority of the voting interest in Expedia. Accordingly, the Company will deconsolidate Expedia as of April 15, 2019. Until the Merger is completed, the Governance Agreement and Stockholders Agreement remain in effect, meaning the Company has significant influence with respect to Expedia and accordingly will account for its investment in Expedia as an equity method affiliate and expects to elect the fair value option of accounting. The Company’s economic ownership percentage in Expedia remains the same.

 

Dividends declared by Expedia

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2019, Expedia has declared quarterly cash dividends, and has paid in cash an aggregate amount of $47 million to stockholders of which the Company has received $7 million. In addition, in May 2019, Expedia declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.32 per share of outstanding common stock payable on June 13, 2019 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on May 23, 2019.  

 

 

 

(4) Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value

 

For assets and liabilities required to be reported at fair value, GAAP provides a hierarchy that prioritizes inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels. Level 1 inputs are quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date. Level 2 inputs are inputs, other than quoted market prices included within Level 1, that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability. The Company does not have any recurring assets or liabilities measured at fair value that would be considered Level 3.

 

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The Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

December 31, 2018

 

 

    

 

 

    

Quoted prices

    

Significant other

    

 

    

Quoted prices

    

Significant other

 

 

 

 

 

 

in active markets

 

observable

 

 

 

in active markets

 

observable

 

 

 

 

 

 

for identical assets

 

inputs

 

 

 

for identical assets

 

inputs

 

Description

 

Total

 

(Level 1)

 

(Level 2)

 

Total

 

(Level 1)

 

(Level 2)

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

Cash equivalents

    

$

1,287

    

110

    

1,177

    

725

    

79

    

646

  

Short-term marketable securities

 

$

508

    

20

    

488

 

53

    

11

    

42

 

Equity securities (1)

 

$

143

 

143

 

 —

 

119

 

119

 

 —

 

Debt

 

$

392

 

 —

 

392

 

382

 

 —

 

382

 


(1)

Equity securities are included in the Other assets, net line item in the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

Cash equivalents are valued using quoted market prices or alternative pricing sources and models utilizing market observable inputs and are accordingly classified within Level 1 or Level 2. As of March 31, 2019, Cash equivalents consisted primarily of prime institutional money market funds with maturities of three months or less, time deposits as well as bank account balances.

Expedia holds time deposit investments with financial institutions. Time deposits with original maturities of less than three months are classified as Cash equivalents and those with remaining maturities of less than one year are classified within Short-term marketable securities.

 During the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 we recognized gross unrealized gains of approximately $24 million and $36 million, respectively, related to equity securities within Other, net in our condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

 

(5) Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

Goodwill and Other Indefinite-lived Intangible Assets

Other indefinite-lived intangible assets relate principally to Expedia trademarks and tradenames recognized in acquisition accounting.

 

Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill are as follows (amounts in millions):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expedia

 

Corporate and other

 

Total

 

Balance as of January 1, 2019

 

$

15,112

 

 —

 

15,112

 

Foreign exchange translation and other

 

 

(36)

 

 —

 

(36)

 

Balance as of March 31, 2019

 

$

15,076

 

 —

 

15,076

 

 

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Intangible Assets Subject to Amortization

 

Amortization expense for intangible assets with finite useful lives was $358 million and $416 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Based on its amortizable intangible assets as of March 31, 2019, the Company expects that amortization expense will be as follows for the next five years (amounts in millions):

 

 

 

 

 

 

Remainder of 2019

    

$

1,033

 

2020

 

 

893

 

2021

 

 

619

 

2022

 

 

381

 

2023

 

 

260

 

 

 

(6) Long-Term Debt and Capital Lease Obligations

 

Outstanding debt and capital leases at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 are summarized as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding

 

Carrying value

 

 

    

Principal

    

March 31, 

    

December 31, 

 

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

2019

 

2018

 

 

 

amounts in millions

 

Expedia Holdings 1% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2047

 

 

400

 

 

392

 

382

 

Expedia 5.95% senior notes due 2020

 

 

750

 

 

784

 

790

 

Expedia 2.5% (€650 million) senior notes due 2022

 

 

729

 

 

760

 

777

 

Expedia 4.5% senior notes due 2024

 

 

500

 

 

517

 

518

 

Expedia 5.0% senior notes due 2026

 

 

750

 

 

779

 

780

 

Expedia 3.8% senior notes due 2028

 

 

1,000

 

 

991

 

991

 

Bodybuilding revolving line of credit due 2020

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 5

 

Total debt and capital lease obligations

 

$

4,129

 

 

4,223

 

4,243

 

Less portion classified as current

 

 

 

 

 

 —

 

(5)

 

Total long-term debt and capital lease obligations

 

 

 

 

$

4,223

 

4,238

 

 

1.0% Exchangeable Senior Debentures

 

On June 13, 2017, the Company closed a private offering of $400 million of 1.0% Exchangeable Senior Debentures due 2047 (the “debentures”).  Upon exchange of the debentures, the Company, at its option, may deliver registered EXPE shares, cash or a combination of EXPE and cash. Initially, 5.1566 shares of EXPE (the “EXPE Reference Shares”) are attributable to each $1,000 original principal amount of the debentures, representing an initial exchange price of approximately $193.93 for each share of EXPE. A total of approximately 2.1 million shares of Expedia common stock are attributable to the debentures. Interest is payable quarterly on March 31, June 30, September 30 and December 31 of each year, and commenced on September 30, 2017. The debentures may be redeemed by the Company, in whole or in part, on or after July 5, 2022. Holders of the debentures also have the right to require the Company to purchase their debentures on July 5, 2022.  The redemption and purchase price will generally equal 100% of the adjusted principal amount of the debentures plus accrued and unpaid interest, plus any final period distribution. The Company has elected to account for the debentures using the fair value option.  The Company estimates the fair value of its debt based on the quoted market price for the same or similar issues or on the current rate offered to it for debt of the same remaining maturities not considered to be trading on active markets (level 2). Accordingly, changes in the fair value of these instruments of $5 million and $11 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, are recorded as unrealized losses and unrealized gains, respectively, in the Other, net line item in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The Company will make an additional distribution on the debentures if Expedia makes a distribution of cash on the EXPE Reference Shares in excess of $0.28 (an “Excess Regular Cash Dividend”). Expedia began paying Excess Regular Cash Dividends during the third quarter of 2017. The Company will make additional distributions on the debentures under certain circumstances.

 

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Expedia Outstanding Debt

 

Expedia 5.95% senior notes due 2020

Expedia has $750 million in registered senior unsecured notes outstanding at March 31, 2019 that are due in August 2020 and bear interest at 5.95% (the “Expedia 5.95% Notes”). The Expedia 5.95% Notes were issued at 99.893% of par. Interest is payable semi-annually in February and August of each year. Expedia may redeem the Expedia 5.95% Notes, in whole or in part, at a redemption price of 100% of the principal plus accrued interest, plus a “make-whole” premium. The premium associated with the Expedia 5.95% Notes was recorded in acquisition accounting as the difference between fair value and the outstanding principal amount at the date of acquisition. This premium is being amortized over the remaining period to maturity through interest expense using the effective interest rate method.

 

Expedia 2.5% senior notes due 2022

Expedia has €650 million of registered senior unsecured notes outstanding at March 31, 2019 that are due in June 2022 and bear interest at 2.5% (the “Expedia 2.5% Notes”). The Expedia 2.5% Notes were issued at 99.525% of par. Interest is payable annually in arrears in June of each year. Expedia may redeem the Expedia 2.5% Notes at its option, in whole or in part, at any time or from time to time. If Expedia elects to redeem the Expedia 2.5% Notes prior to March 3, 2022, it may redeem them at a specified “make-whole” premium. If Expedia elects to redeem the Expedia 2.5% Notes on or after March 3, 2022, it may redeem them at a redemption price of 100% of the principal plus accrued and unpaid interest. Subject to certain limited exceptions, all payments of interest and principal for the Expedia 2.5% Notes will be made in Euros. The premium associated with the Expedia 2.5% Notes was recorded in acquisition accounting as the difference between fair value and the outstanding principal amount at the date of acquisition. This premium is being amortized over the remaining period to maturity through interest expense using the effective interest rate method.

 

Expedia 4.5% senior notes due 2024

Expedia has $500 million in registered senior unsecured notes outstanding at March 31, 2019 that are due in August 2024 and bear interest at 4.5% (the “Expedia 4.5% Notes”). The Expedia 4.5% Notes were issued at 99.444% of par. Interest is payable semi-annually in February and August of each year. Expedia may redeem the Expedia 4.5% Notes at its option at any time in whole or from time to time in part. If Expedia elects to redeem the Expedia 4.5% Notes prior to May 15, 2024, it may redeem them at a redemption price of 100% of the principal plus accrued interest, plus a “make-whole” premium. If Expedia elects to redeem the Expedia 4.5% Notes on or after May 15, 2024, it may redeem them at a redemption price of 100% of the principal plus accrued interest. The premium associated with the Expedia 4.5% Notes was recorded in acquisition accounting as the difference between fair value and the outstanding principal amount at the date of acquisition. This premium is being amortized over the remaining period to maturity through interest expense using the effective interest rate method.

Expedia 5.0% senior notes due 2026

Expedia has $750 million in registered senior unsecured notes outstanding at March 31, 2019 that are due in February 2026 and bear interest at 5.0% (the "Expedia 5.0% Notes"). The Expedia 5.0% Notes were issued at 99.535% of par. Interest is payable semi-annually in arrears in February and August of each year. Expedia may redeem the Expedia 5.0% Notes at its option at any time in whole or from time to time in part. If Expedia elects to redeem the Expedia 5.0% Notes prior to November 12, 2025, it may redeem them at a redemption price of 100% of the principal plus accrued interest, plus a “make-whole” premium. If Expedia elects to redeem the Expedia 5.0% Notes on or after November 12, 2025, it may redeem them at a redemption price of 100% of the principal plus accrued interest. The premium associated with the Expedia 5.0% Notes was recorded in acquisition accounting as the difference between fair value and the outstanding principal amount at the date of acquisition. This premium is being amortized over the remaining period to maturity through interest expense using the effective interest rate method.

Expedia 3.8% senior notes due 2028

Expedia has $1 billion in senior unsecured notes outstanding at March 31, 2019 that are due in February 2028 and bear interest at 3.8% (the "Expedia 3.8% Notes"). The Expedia 3.8% Notes were issued at 99.747% of par resulting in a

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discount, which is being amortized over their life. Interest is payable semi-annually in arrears in February and August of each year, beginning February 15, 2018. Expedia may redeem the Expedia 3.8% Notes at its option at any time in whole or from time to time in part. If Expedia elects to redeem the Expedia 3.8% Notes prior to November 15, 2027, it may redeem them at a redemption price of 100% of the principal plus accrued interest, plus a “make-whole” premium. If Expedia elects to redeem the Expedia 3.8% Notes on or after November 15, 2027, it may redeem them at a redemption price of 100% of the principal plus accrued interest.

The Expedia 5.95%, 2.5%, 4.5%, 5.0% and 3.8% Notes (collectively the “Notes”) are senior unsecured obligations issued by Expedia and guaranteed by certain domestic Expedia subsidiaries. The Notes rank equally in right of payment with all existing and future unsecured and unsubordinated obligations of Expedia and the guarantor subsidiaries. In addition, the Notes include covenants that limit Expedia’s ability to (i) create certain liens, (ii) enter into sale/leaseback transactions and (iii) merge or consolidate with or into another entity or transfer substantially all of its assets. The Expedia 5.95%, 2.5%, 4.5%, 3.8% and 5.0% Notes are redeemable in whole or in part, at the option of the holders thereof, upon the occurrence of certain change of control triggering events at a purchase price in cash equal to 101% of the principal plus accrued and unpaid interest.

Expedia Credit Facility

Expedia maintains a $2 billion unsecured revolving credit facility with a group of lenders, which is unconditionally guaranteed by certain domestic Expedia subsidiaries that are the same as under the Notes, and expires in May 2023. As of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2019, Expedia did not have any revolving credit facility borrowings outstanding. The facility bears interest based on Expedia’s credit ratings, with drawn amounts bearing interest at LIBOR plus 1.25% and the commitment fee on undrawn amounts at 0.175% as of March 31, 2019. The facility contains covenants including maximum leverage and minimum interest coverage ratios. The amount of stand-by letters of credit (“LOCs”) issued under the facility reduces the credit amount available. As of March 31, 2019, there were $15 million of outstanding stand-by LOCs issued under the facility.

In addition, one of Expedia’s international subsidiaries maintains a €50 million uncommitted credit facility, which is guaranteed by Expedia and may be terminated at any time by the lender. As of March 31, 2019, there were no borrowings outstanding under this facility.

Bodybuilding Revolving Line of Credit

 

As of March 31, 2019,  Bodybuilding has a revolving line of credit (the "Revolver") which is secured by substantially all of Bodybuilding’s assets. The maximum amount allowed under the Revolver is $25 million. Bodybuilding periodically borrows and repays amounts outstanding under the Revolver depending on its cash needs. The Revolver matures on January 20, 2020. The outstanding balance accrued interest at the CB Floating Rate less 1.0%, with a rate option balance that accrued interest at LIBOR plus 1.75%. As of March 31, 2019, there was no outstanding balance on the Revolver.  Bodybuilding was not in compliance with the fixed charge coverage ratio covenant as of March 31, 2019.  Although the original maturity date was January 20, 2020, Bodybuilding entered into an agreement with the lender to terminate the Revolver on April 15, 2019. Future potential operating losses of Bodybuilding will be funded by corporate level available cash.

 

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Fair Value of Debt

 

The fair value, based on quoted market prices in less active markets (Level 2), of Expedia’s publicly traded debt securities is as follows (amounts in millions):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

March 31, 

 

 

 

2019

 

Expedia 5.95% senior notes due 2020

 

$

780

 

Expedia 2.5% (€650 million) senior notes due 2022 (1)

 

$

767

 

Expedia 4.5% senior notes due 2024

 

$

521

 

Expedia 5.0% senior notes due 2026

 

$

797

 

Expedia 3.8% senior notes due 2028

 

$

968

 


(1)

Approximately 683 million Euro as of March 31, 2019.

 

The Company believes that the carrying value of its Revolver and secured notes approximated fair value at March 31,  2019 and December 31, 2018.

 

Covenant Compliance

 

Expedia Holdings and Expedia were in compliance with their debt covenants which consist of both financial and non-financial covenants as of March 31, 2019. See discussion above related to Bodybuilding debt covenant compliance.

 

(7) Leases

 

Leases. In February 2016, the FASB issued new guidance which revises the accounting for leases. Under the new guidance, lessees are required to recognize a lease liability and a right-of-use (“ROU”) asset for all leases. The new guidance also simplifies the accounting for sale and leaseback transactions. The Company adopted this guidance on January 1, 2019. Additionally, the Company elected the optional transition method that allows for a cumulative-effect adjustment in the period of adoption and did not restate prior periods.  The Company elected certain of the available transition practical expedients, including those that permit us to not reassess 1) whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases, 2) the lease classification for any expired or exiting leases, and 3) any initial direct costs for any existing leases as of the effective date. The Company did not elect the hindsight practical expedient, which permits entities to use hindsight in determining the lease term and assessing impairment. The standard had a material impact on the consolidated balance sheets, but did not have a material impact on the consolidated statements of operations or statements of cash flows. The most significant impact was the recognition of ROU assets and lease liabilities for operating leases. Additionally, the Company removed the assets and liabilities previously recorded pursuant to build-to-suit lease guidance resulting in an increase to retained earnings of approximately $1 million, and of approximately $5 million to non-controlling interest in equity of subsidiaries.

 

The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Operating leases are primarily for office space and data centers and are included in operating lease ROU assets, accrued expenses and other current liabilities, and operating lease liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets. ROU assets represent a right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent an obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Operating lease ROU assets and liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. As most of our leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments. The operating lease ROU asset also includes any lease payments made and excludes lease incentives. The Company’s lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that it will exercise that option. Lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

 

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For operating leases with a term of one year or less, the Company  has elected to not recognize a lease liability or ROU asset on its consolidated balance sheet. Instead, it recognizes the lease payments as expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Short-term lease costs are immaterial to the consolidated statements of operations and cash flows.

 

The Company has office space and data center lease agreements with insignificant non-lease components and has elected the practical expedient to combine and account for lease and non-lease components as a single lease component.

 

The Company has operating leases for office space, data centers and distribution centers, and its leases have remaining lease terms of one year to 19 years, some of which include options to extend the leases for up to 10 years, and some of which include options to terminate the leases within one year.

 

Operating lease costs were $38 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019.  Total rental expense was $47 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018.

Supplemental cash flow information related to leases were as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

 

in millions

 

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:

 

 

 

Operating cash flows from operating leases

$

39

 

Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease liabilities:

 

 

 

Operating leases

$

 6

 

Supplemental consolidated balance sheet information related to leases were as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 

 

 

2019

 

 

in millions

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets (1)

$

542

 

 

 

 

 

Current operating lease liabilities (2)

$

114

 

Operating lease liabilities (3)

 

476

 

Total operating lease liabilities

$

590

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average remaining lease term (in years)

 

8.8

 

Weighted average discount rate

 

4.0%

 


(1)

Operating lease right-of-use assets are included within the Other assets, net line item in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

(2)

Current operating lease liabilities are included within the Other current liabilities line item in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

(3)

Operating lease liabilities are included within the Other liabilities line item in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

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Table of Contents

Maturities of lease liabilities are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Leases

 

 

in millions

 

Remainder of 2019

$

104

 

2020

 

107

 

2021

 

90

 

2022

 

73

 

2023

 

53

 

2024 and thereafter

 

278

 

Total lease payments

$

705

 

Less: implied interest

 

115

 

Present value of lease liabilities

$

590

 

 

As of March 31, 2019, the Company has additional operating leases, primarily for corporate offices, that have not yet commenced of $210 million. These operating leases will commence between 2019 and 2021 with lease terms of 2 years to 11 years.

 

(8) Stock-Based Compensation

 

Expedia Holdings Incentive Plan